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Human Resources HR Roles And Responsibilities

Human Resources HR Roles And Responsibilities

Post Series: Job Description Roles and Responsibilities

Human Resources positions exist in all companies, sometimes locally, other times nationally or run entirely or partly from home. They handle numerous staffing-related tasks, with generalists performing all duties in small organisations, whereas whole departments are structured for large corporations.

What does a HR person do?

The Roles of HR Staff

Your Human Resources job descriptions detail the HR functions and how they fit in your organisational culture. The Human Resources Department and its HR professionals ensure your company’s workforce consists of the best mix of experience and skills. HR departments also ensure training programs are available so employees can progress their professional performance and help ensure business success.

Depending on the company type and size, HR professionals oversee:

  • HR strategy and the company’s culture
  • The recruitment process
  • Compliance with employment law
  • Working hours, pay, and rewards
  • Absence management and absence procedures
  • Employee wellbeing
  • Employee relations
  • Performance management and career progression
  • Conflict resolution
  • HR data reporting
  • Writing job descriptions
  • Administrative tasks
  • Human Resource information systems

HR skills

Crucial Skills

To ensure your company complies with employment law, adopts best practices, and cares for its employee’s well-being, you need to hire HR executives with the right skills.

To complete their HR duties and responsibilities, HR Staff need hard and soft skills that include:

  • Business acumen and HR management skills
  • Strong IT skills
  • Planning and organisation
  • Interpersonal skills for building working relationships and managing employee relations with staff at all levels
  • Coaching skills
  • Approachability, integrity, and confidentiality
  • Team working and collaboration
  • Working wwhile under pressure and in stressful situations
  • Prioritising tasks and multitasking
  • Leadership
  • Negotiating and influencing others
  • A willingness to challenge the company culture
  • The ability to discuss and relay employment law and provide HR support

How to hire a HR person

Hiring HR Managers and HR Professionals

Job advertising for HR will vary depending on the position and HR skills you need. You will need to implement a recruitment strategy that encompasses advertising on general and specialist HR job boards, social media, and word of mouth referrals. Your human resource management hiring strategy might also include having a presence at Human Resources conferences and online with Human Resources Organisations.

Crucial elements that will affect hiring success include writing an effective job description and selecting the proper job title. For example, HR managers work and specialise in various areas, so you may want to title the role to Payroll HR Manager, Recruitment HR Manager, Training and Development HR Manager, Employee Wellbeing Manager, or Compensation and Benefits HR Manager, with a detailed HR Manager job description.

Flat fee recruitment solutions continue to deliver the best results when hiring HR Professionals.

What are the HR roles?

HR Manager and Human Resource roles

The duties of the HR department are completed by HR specialists in roles titled as:

  • HR Manager / Human Resources Managers
  • HR Administrators / HR Professionals
  • HR Directors
  • HR Senior Managers / Senior Manager
  • Human Resources Third Party Providers / HR Consultancy

HR roles and responsibilities

Here we look at the various HR roles and the duties of each HR position. 

Roles of a Human Resources Manager

Most HR Managers lead the HR office, hiring employees and managing staff relations. Qualified candidates should have a Human Resource Management degree and active managerial experience.

Human Resources Manager roles and responsibilities:

  • Developing HR strategies
  • Supervising the HR team and liaising with senior management
  • Managing recruitment processes and procedures
  • Resolving company-employee grievances
  • Assess training needs and facilitating personal and career development
  • Formulating plans to promote company values

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Manager Job Description including HR Manager duties and responsibilities here.

Roles of a Human Resources Assistant

The HR role of HR Assistants is to conduct administrative tasks, recruitment, and enrolment activities. Applicants may be degree qualified, and those with experience will already be familiar with Human Resources Information Systems.

Human Resources Assistant roles and responsibilities:

  • Maintaining employee records, including confidential and payroll information
  • Supporting new hires through the induction process
  • Answering internal calls and explaining benefits and HR policies
  • Coordinating HR-driven employee-surveys
  • Updating online job adverts

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Assistant Job Description here.

Roles of Human Resources Professionals

Human Resources Professionals typically have a Human Resources degree. A HR Professional should also be acutely aware of UK HR law.

Human Resources roles and responsibilities:

  • Maintaining personnel records, documenting annual leave and sickness
  • Onboarding new recruits
  • Resolving inter-employee disputes and grievances 
  • Explaining benefits, pay, and HR policy
  • Working as part of an HR team
  • Organising training events and accommodation
  • Adhering to procedures set by HR Management

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Job Description here.

Roles of a Human Resources Advisor

Many HR professionals are described as HR Advisors and they coordinate recruitment, job evaluations and negotiate employment terms and benefits. Top candidates have excellent HRM knowledge, are proficient HR software users, and have an educational background that includes a HR degree.

Human Resources Advisor roles and responsibilities:

  • Coordinating recruitment drives, setting criteria, and assessing applicants
  • Negotiating employment contracts, pay, and benefits
  • Ensuring HR activities conform with current regulations
  • Updating HR policies and communicating changes with staff
  • Conducting risk assessments and ensuring workplace safety
  • Following the direction of Human Resources Managers

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Advisor Job Description here.

Roles of a Human Resources Administrator

A HR career often starts under the title of Human Resources Administrator, who complete payroll, produce statistical reports and review corporate policies. Working onsite or at the company’s head office, applicants should hold an HR degree or have completed a CIPD foundation diploma.

Human Resources Administrator roles and responsibilities:

  • Updating staff records and HR documentation
  • Processing and amending payroll
  • Recording sickness, annual leave, and maternity and paternity leave
  • Updating employment databases and producing statistical reports
  • Answering employee questions in-person or over the phone
  • Arranging travel and accommodation for training events
  • Completing tasks given by HR Managers

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Administrator Job Description here.

Roles of a Human Resources Officer

The duties of a Human Resource (HR) Officer include filling vacant positions with suitable candidates and developing skills and knowledge through training. They usually have an HR degree or equivalent qualifications that quantify their HR skills.

Human Resources Officer roles and responsibilities:

  • Supporting the development of staff
  • Enforcing HR policy and resolving grievances
  • Arranging travel, hotel rooms, and venues for training seminars
  • Creating personnel files and updating records
  • Providing welcome packs and onboarding talent
  • Fostering a positive company culture
  • Conducting tasks requested by the HR Manager

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Officer Job Description here.

Roles of a Human Resources Business Partner

Working with senior management, Human Resources Business Partners help companies develop and implement recruitment strategies that support business goals, growth, and direction.

Human Resources Business Partner roles and responsibilities:

  • Aligning recruitment strategies with business needs
  • Providing companies with advice and guidance on HR and labour laws
  • Mediating resolutions between managers and employees
  • Analysing trends and statistics
  • Creating strategies to improve morale and employee retention
  • Identifying training, coaching, and mentoring needs

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Business Partner Job Description here.

Roles of a Human Resources Director

The HR Director leads HR Managers and develop Human Resources policies and oversees the organisation’s HR team. They should hold a bachelor’s or master’s degree in HR management, have significant leadership experience, and quantifiable evidence illustrating they are suitable for HR Director roles.

Human Resources Director roles and responsibilities:

  • Leading HR planning and strategies
  • Developing staffing budgets and improving labour retention rates
  • Ensuring the company is compliant with UK law
  • Motivating HR managers and the broader HR team
  • Assessing the training needs of staff and designing coaching programmes
  • Hiring staff and producing onboarding procedures

View a complete Human Resources HR Director Job Description here.

Roles of a Human Resources Generalist

Human Resources Generalists have well-rounded HR skills and conduct the day-to-day activities required to keep the business staffed and operational. They usually have a business HR management or another HR degree or relevant work experience.

Human Resources Generalist roles and responsibilities:

  • Ensuring working practices are legally compliant
  • Administering payroll, benefits, and compensation
  • Creating onboarding procedures
  • Maintaining employee records
  • Resolving staff grievances 
  • Overseeing the stages of performance management 
  • Taking direction from Human Resources Managers

View a complete Human Resources (HR) Generalist Job Description here.

Human Resources department FAQs

Here we answer your questions on the HR practices of a HR professional.

What are the 7 functions of HR?

HR job roles and Human Resources functions include:

1. Ensuring job candidates have the right to work in the UK
2. Recruiting and interviewing job candidates, writing job descriptions, and posting job adverts
3. Helping line managers understand HR practices and implement HR policies
4. Promoting the organisation’s culture of diversity and equality
5. Administrative tasks using HR technology, such as maintaining staff records and processing payroll
6. Providing advice on promotions, pay, and benefits
7. Planning training programs

Further actions conducted by Human Resources Management and HR professionals include overseeing employee relationships, maintaining HRM knowledge, ensuring the company adheres to its legal requirements, introducing a general graduate scheme, proposing the HR strategy, monitoring current and emerging trends, and conducting a performance evaluation with employees.

What are HR skills?

HR skills include technical skills gained through HND or Degrees in Human Resource Management, Business Management and Human Resources, Psychology, or Business with Languages. The educational background and qualifications for Human Resource Management should be accredited by an organisation such as CIPD.
HR soft skills include general business acumen, numeracy, great communication skills, negotiation, leadership, integrity, and emotional intelligence.

What does a HR professional do?

ities also include ensuring compliance with HR law. Human Resources Manager duties and responsibilities include directing the HR strategy.

HR roles – The responsibilities of all HR roles

If your HR department is creating a job description for recruitment, you can discover the day to day duties and responsibilities for each position by viewing the resources below:

View all HR job descriptions responsibilities here.

The responsibilities of all professions

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